Ancient Hebrew measure of grain that amounts to about 3.6 litres.

The 49-day period that begins on the second night of Passover and ends on Shavuot.

Individual who immigrates (makes aliyah) to Israel.

The "joy" of Shabbat—refers to refreshments after Shabbat services.

The mourner before the burial.


A denomination of Judaism that believes the Torah is of Divine origin and that Jews are bound to keep Jewish law (halachah). There are many subgroups within Orthodox Judaism including ultra-Orthodox (Haredi), Modern Orthodox, Chasidic (which includes Chabad, Satmar, Breslov, and others. “Orthodox Judaism” is also used as an umbrella term for a range of streams of Judaism that developed in opposition to the rise of Reform and Conservative Judaism.

"Treasury of souls;" the metaphysical way-station in which righteous souls reside before returning to a new life.