In a celebrated Talmudic dispute, two great Jewish teachers, Hillel and Shammai, argued whether we should begin by lighting eight candles and gradually decrease to one (Shammai), or begin with one candle and add an additional one each night, thus continuously increasing the light and joy of the holiday (Hillel). The majority ruled with Hillel. Thus, on the first night of Hanukkah, we recite or chant the blessings and light one candle with the shamash, two on the second night, and so on. Customarily, the candles are placed in the menorah from right to left but lit from left to right.
Traditionally, Tishah B'Av is observed as a day of mourning the destruction of both ancient Temples in Jerusalem. Today, Tishah B’Av stands as a day to reflect on the suffering that still occurs in our world.
Learn the blessings and find recipes to celebrate Shabbat at home, and find out what to expect at a Shabbat service at a Reform synagogue.